Philosophical and Pedagogical Explorations of John Amos Komensky and Gregory Skovoroda: Sense and Vocation Recalling of the Education

  • Maria Kultaieva H. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
Keywords: philosophical pedagogics, Comenius, Skoworoda, didactic, way of the light, freedom, school,, informal education, emendation of the world

Abstract

The article considers diversities and converges moments of the philosophical and pedagogical views of J.A. Comenius and G. S. Skoworoda and their under­standing of sense and vocation of the education. The fiction of their philosophi­cal dialog is showing the importance of the external and internal freedom for the spiritual development of human. The main attention is focused on the ontological and anthropological characteristics, which was formed in the European tradition during XVII–XVIII centuries, especially to the idea of the improvement of the world. The practices of the Skovoroda’s non- formal and informal education (in comparison with the “Great Didactic”) are developed as a rule not in the space of the school, but in the space of the life world accordingly to the post-secular tendencies. They represents also the critic of the early appearances of the half-education, which as the consequence of the dominance of the official religious for­mal education were coming into being in the urban space of the European culture. The institutional changes of the educational systems, which are taking place in the post-secular transformations of the modern societies, can be better understand by reinterpretation of philosophical and pedagogical classical works of early Moder­nity, that gained experience to combine secular senses with the theological ideas. Philosophical pedagogic as well of Comenius, so else of Skoworoda had showed hybrid and synthetic forms of their later post-secular application in the educational practices.

Author Biography

Maria Kultaieva, H. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Doctor of philosophical sciences, Professor, Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine, Chief of philosophy department;

 President of the Ukrainian Philosophy of Education Society, Translator of contemporary foreign philosophers’ books into Ukrainian (U.Beck, W.Welsch, H.Gadamer, J.Habermas, H.Jonas, R.Rorty etc.).

References

V. Gorsky, V. (1996). The History of the Ukrainian Philosophy. Collected Lectures. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].

Comenius, J.A. (1982). The Great Didactic. Translation from Latin by D.N. Korolkov. In: Jan Amos of Comenius. Selected pedagogical compositions, in 2 volumes, vol. 1, Moscow: Pedagogika, 243- 476 [in Russian].

Comenius, J.A. (1982). The Way of the Light. Translation from Latin by V.V. Bibikhin. In: Jan Amos of Comenius. Selected pedagogical compositions, in 2 volumes, vol. 1, Moscow: Pedagogika, 74-193 [in Russian].

Comenius, J.A. (1982). The Maternity School. Translation from Latin by V.V. Bibikhin. In: Jan Amos of Comenius. Selected pedagogical compositions, in 2 volumes, vol. 1, Moscow: Pedagogika, 209-241 [in Russian].

Comenius, J.A. (1982). Something about the Development of Natural Abilities. Translation from Czech by L.N. Korolkov and A.A. Krasnovsky. In: Jan Amos of Comenius. Selected pedagogical compositions, in 2 volumes, vol. 2. Moscow: Pedagogika, 5-31 [in Russian].

Comenius, J.A. (1982). The Visible World in Pictures. In: Jan Amos of Comenius. Selected pedagogical compositions, in 2 volumes, vol. 2. Moscow: Pedagogika, 235-284 [in Russian].

Comenius, J.A. (1982). School of Pansophy. Translation from Latin by V.I. Ivanovsky. In: Jan Amos of Comenius. Selected pedagogical compositions, in 2 volumes, vol. 2. Moscow: Pedagogika, 44-91 [in Russian].

Comenius, J.A. (1982). General Consultation on an Improvement of All Things Human. Translation from Czech by A.A. Krasnovsky. In: Jan Amos of Comenius. Selected pedagogical compositions, in 2 volumes, vol. 2. Moscow: Pedagogika, 285-469 [in Russian].

Kultaeva, M. (2014). Anthropological-technical Turn and its Implications in Social and Educational Philosophy. Філософія освіти. Philosophy of Education, №1(14), 54-95 [in Ukrainian]. Retrieved from www.philosopheducation.com

Radul, O. (2005). The History of the Ukrainian Pedagogic in the X–XVІІІ centures. Kyiv: Osnovy [in Ukrainian].

Skovoroda H. (2005). The Fable from Kharkiv. Hrigory Skovoroda. Works in 2 volumes, v. 1, Kyiv: Oberehy, 101-130 [in Ukrainian].

Skovoroda, H. (2005). Narcissus or Conversation about: know yourself. Hrigory Skovoroda. Works in 2 volumes, v. 1, Kyiv: Oberehy, 151-187 [in Ukrainian].

Skovoroda, H. (2005). The Noble Stork. Hrigory Skovoroda. Works in 2 volumes, v. 2, Kyiv: Oberehy, 103-123 [in Ukrainian].

Skovoroda, H. (2005). Correspondes. Hrigory Skovoroda. Works in 2 volumes, v. 2, Kyiv: Oberehy, 226-378 [in Ukrainian].

Skovoroda, H. (2014). The opened Door to the Christian Nobility. Philosophical Thought, №5, 7-18 [in Ukrainian].

Bollbeck, G. (1994). Bildung und Kultur. Glanz und Elend eines deutschen Deutungsmusters. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Dahrendorf, R. (2006). Versuchungen der Unfreiheit. Die Intellektuellen in Zeiten der Prüfung. –München: Beck.

Hösle, V. (2006). Der Philosophische Dialog. München: Beck.

Koselleck, R. (2003). Zeitschichten. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Meier, M. (2006). Sie schufen Europa. Ein Porträt von Konstantin bis Karl dem Großen. München: Mentis, 2007.

Precht, R. D. (2013). Anna, Schule und der liebe Gott. Der Verrat des Bildungssystems an unseren Kindern. ß Mönchen: Beck.

Schickhardt, Ch. (2016). Kinderethik. Der moralischer Status und die Rechte der Kinder. Münster: Mentis.

Sloterdijk, P. (2009). Du mußt dein Leben ändern. Über Anthropotechniken. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Sloterdijk, P. (2014). Zeilen und Tage. Notizen 2008-2011, Berlin: Suhrkamp.

Sloterdijk, P. (2015). Die schrecklichen Kinder der Neuzeit. Über das antigenealogische Experiment der Modern. Ulm: Suhrkamp.

Treml, A. K. (2005). Pädagogische Ideengeschichte. Ein Überblick. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.

Treml, A. K. (2010). Philosophische Pädagogik. Die theoretischen Grundlagen der Erziehungswissenschaft. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.

Abstract views: 238 | PDF Downloads: 310
Published
2017-12-28
How to Cite
Kultaieva, M. (2017). Philosophical and Pedagogical Explorations of John Amos Komensky and Gregory Skovoroda: Sense and Vocation Recalling of the Education. Filosofiya Osvity. Philosophy of Education, 21(2), 169-193. https://doi.org/10.31874/2309-1606-2017-21-2-169-193
Section
Articles

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.