Crossroads of scientific and educational alternatives: monopoly on decision-making or cultivation of competence?




scientific and educational alternatives, a monopoly on decision-making, cultivation of competence, relativism, manipulative mechanisms, plagiarism, a distraction from real problems


Despite a fairly homogeneous way of functioning, our modernity is marked by different conceptual identities: some consider it as an epoch of simulation, others insist on the expediency of terminological equivalents such as risk society, butterfly and black swan effect, and some argue that a short period, criterion uncertainty and functional turbulence. Such a priori problems are dangerously supplemented by a decrease in the level of scientific thinking and the culture of managerial decision-making, as a result of which the horizon of seeing problem challenges and effective answers to them narrows. Even ambitious international institutions, projects and initiatives are increasingly playing the role of selfish interests of individuals and lobby groups through political marketing, populist, demagogic and manipulative tools. After all, the most threatening problem is the inability to determine the hierarchy of problems, dangers and challenges, resulting in the inability to build a symmetrical hierarchy of means to overcome existing problems. Such intellectual and managerial shortcomings are mostly tried to be eliminated by increasing the level of formalization, substituting quality criteria with purely quantitative criteria and giving priority to secondary factors. The consequence of such an incorrect perception of reality and paying hypertrophied attention to marginal tendencies is the exacerbation of real and priority problems, which more and more often become chronic, questioning the full functioning not only of science and education in Ukraine but also society and the state as a whole. In such circumstances, the prospects for cultivating competence and responsibility at all levels of management decision-making, and above all, mainly at the highest political level, become crucial.

Author Biography

Zoreslav Samchuk, Kuras Institute of Political and Ethnic Studies (Kyiv)

Doctor of Sciences (Dr. Hab.) in Philosophy, Senior Researcher, chief scientific fellow


Alexander, J. C. (2011). Performance and Power. Cambridge, Malden: Polity Press.

Andrei, P. D. (2021). Persuasive Political Leadership: How to Change the World with Your Words. Independently published.

Baudrillard, J. (1994). Simulacra and Simulation (The Body, In Theory: Histories of Cultural Materialism). University of Michigan Press.

Baumeister, A. (2021). The Inquisition. Myth busting. [In Russian]. com/watch?v=H3s5Zl7Wu6g

Benoist, A. de. (2021). Beyond Human Rights. Arktos Media Ltd.

Bethke, E. (1995). Political Children. Feminist Interpretations of Hannah Arendt. University Park: Penn State University Press, 263–282.

Boichenko, M. (2019). Institutional Principles of Academic Integrity: philosophical and legal conceptualization. [In Ukrainian]. Philosophy of Education 24(1), 97–114.

Bourdieu, P. (2000). Pascalian Meditations. Stanford University Press.

Buckingham, D. (1999). Young people, politics, and news media: Beyond political socialization. Oxford Review of Education. № 25, 171–184.

Ford, D. R. (2018). Politics and Pedagogy in the «Post-Truth» Era: Insurgent Philosophy and Praxis. Bloomsbury Academic.

Gildea, R. (2019). Empires of the Mind: The Colonial Past and the Politics of the Present (The Wiles Lectures). Cambridge University Press.

Grossberg, L. (2001). Why does neo-liberalism hate kids? The war on youth and the culture of politics. The Review of Education, Pedagogy and Cultural Studies. № 23 (2), 111–136.

Homilko, O. (2020). The Fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and Today’s Challenges of a New Wall Constructing: Basees’ Reflection (April 12–14, 2019, Cambridge, UK). [In Ukrainian]. Philosophy of Education 25(2), 287-298.

Kazarinova, D. B. (2020). Vectors of the evolution of political reflection and policy. [In Russian]. Social and humanitarian knowledge 6(2), 134–141.

Levkulych, V. (2021). Modern higher education through the prism of conceptual priorities. [In Ukrainian]. International Scientific Journal “Universities and Leadership”, 12, 100– 116.

Locke, J. Two Treatises of Government / trans. from English by P. Sodomora. Kyiv: Nash Format.

Paul, J.-M. (2019). The Economics of Discontent: From Failing Elites to The Rise of Populism. Tomson.

Samchuk, Z. F. (2020). The policy text against the background of civilizational contexts and subtexts as a missing element of educational discourse. [In Ukrainian]. Educational discourse 24(6), 7-22.

Sliusarenko, O. (2022). Coherence of science and education in the range from instrumental potential to problematic factors of functioning. [In Ukrainian]. Modern problems in science. Proceedings of the ХIХ International Scientific and Practical Conference. Vancouver, Canada, 544-550.

Sysoyeva, S. O., Krystopchuk, T. Y. (2013). Methodology of scientific and pedagogical research: Textbook. Rivne : Volynsʹki oberehy. [In Ukrainian].

The Experience Economy, With a New Preface by the Authors: Competing for Customer Time, Attention, and Money (2020). B. Joseph Pine II and James H. Gilmore. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.

Thompson, R. J. Jr. (2022). Anti-intellectualism to Anti-rationalism to Post-truth Era: The Challenges for Higher Education. Lexington Books.


Abstract views: 2941



How to Cite

Samchuk, Z. (2023). Crossroads of scientific and educational alternatives: monopoly on decision-making or cultivation of competence? . Filosofiya Osvity. Philosophy of Education, 28(2), 171–196.






Download data is not yet available.