Correction of the naming of things: the coercion of war in education and public life

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31874/2309-1606-2022-28-1-1

Keywords:

education, war, rectification of names, correction of naming, good, evil, generation, Ukraine

Abstract

Education reveals itself as an area of priority use of the basic vocabulary of society, and at the same time that is why in the education it is best field to start correcting and refining this vocabulary. The war aims to radically reconsider social values, to abandon unjustified compromises, and the proper way to do this is to correct the names. At one time, with the help of naming, people recorded important characteristics of the world, categorized and classified them, set appropriate markers for vital phenomena and processes. This is reflected, in particular, in the biblical myth of Adam, who gave names to living beings. The Chinese philosopher Confucius had explained and conceptualized the situation of name rectification as a necessary procedure to which society should periodically turn. However, one should not wait until a war or other deep social crisis necessitates the rectification of names – the correction of names should be carried out constantly, as a routine procedure, as an element of the application of critical thinking. However, in contrast to the traditional view of critical thinking, the correction of names also requires faith – to establish those values that are not subject to critical review. In times of war, it is faith in Victory. Correction of names has its bearer – a new generation, whose values were formed by participation in the war. Russia’s current war against Ukraine largely reproduces the value disposition of the Southern Confederate war against the North in the United States in 1861-1865 – important lessons from the war can be learned from this. One of the most important tasks is to properly name evil as evil, to oppose the unanimous public outrage at the desire of the strong to establish themselves at the expense of the weak. The naming of evil as evil opens up the possibility of establishing good as a force, of discovering the economic, political, and military advantages of moral right.

Author Biography

Mykhailo Boichenko, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Doctor of Sciences in Philosophy, Professor, Professor of the Department of Theoretic and Practical Philosophy; leading researcher of the Department of Interaction between Universities and Society, Institute of Higher Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine

References

Adorno, T. W., Frenkel-Brunswik, E., Levinson, D. J., & Sanford, R. N. (1950). The authoritarian personality. New York, N.Y. : Harper & Brothers.

Arendt, H. (2013). The trial of Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil / trans. from English. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Duh i Litera.

Benson, C. (1863). The Lessons of War. To the Editor of the New York Times. The New York Times. February 15, 1863. https://www.nytimes.com/1863/02/15/archives/ the-lessons-of-war.html?auth=-google1tap

Brzezinski, Z. (2000). The Grand Chessboard. American Primacy and Its Strategic Imperatives / trans. from English by O. Feshovets. [In Ukrainian]. Lviv – Ivano-Frankivsk: Lileya-NV.

Boychenko, I. V. (2000). Philosophy of history. Textbook. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Znannya.

Boychenko, M. I. (2020). Tasks for Philosophy of Education in Ukraine in the Light of the Theory of Generations. [In Ukrainian]. Philosophy of Education 25(2), 8–34. https:// doi.org/10.31874/2309-1606-2019-25-2-1

Boychenko, O . I. (2012). State formation in the philosophy of ancient China: paradigms of comprehension. [In Ukrainian]. The dissertation of the doctor of philosophical sciences: 09.00.05. Kyiv: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.

Durkheim, E. (2022/1893). De La Division Du Travail Social. https://pdflife.one/down¬load/4660813-de-la-division-du-travail-social.

Habermas, J. (2022). Krieg und Empörung. Jürgen Habermas zur Ukraine. Süddeut¬sche Zeitung. 28. April 2022. https://www.sueddeutsche.de/projekte/artikel/ kultur/das-dilemma-des-westens-juergen-habermas-zum-krieg-in-der-ukraine-e068321/?reduced=true

Hegel, G. W. F. (2000). Natural Law: The Scientific Ways of Treating Natural Law, its Place in Moral Philosophy, and its Relation to the Positive Sciences of Law / trans. from German by R. Osadchuk and M. Kushnir. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Univers.

Eckhart Meister. (2022). Sermons / trans. from middle upper German by S. Matiash. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Tempora.

Eshkilev, V. (2019). About name correction. [In Ukrainian]. REPORTER 03/09/2019 10:20. https://report.if.ua/statti/volodymyr-yeshkilyev-pro-vypravlennya-imen/

Karpenko, I. V. & Guzhva, A. A. (2021). Human Being in the Dimension of the Psychoso¬ciocultural Matrix of Philosophizing. Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research (20), 69–77.

Konfuzius. (1988). Gespräche (Lun-yu). Aus dem Chinesischen übersetzt und herausgege¬ben von Ralf Moritz. Leipzig: Philipp Reclam jun.

Kryzhanivsky, O. P. (2002). History of the Ancient East: A textbook for students of historical specialties of higher educational institutions. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Lybid.

Machiavelli, N. (2019). The Prince / trans. from Italian by E. Tarnavsky. [In Ukrainian]. Kharkiv: Folio.

Nietzsche, F. (1874). Vom Nutzen und Nachteil der Historie fuer das Leben. Leipzig. E. W. Fritzsch.

Ogienko, I. (trans.). (2003–2022 / 1962). Bible online. [In Ukrainian]. https://only.bible/ bible/ubio/

Plutarch. (1991). Parallel Lives / trans. from ancient Greek by J. Kobiv. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Dnipro.

Popper, K. (1994). The Open Society and Its Enemies. Volume 1. / Trans. from English by O. Kovalenko. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Osnovy.

President of Ukraine. (2022). The President signed a law ratifying the Istanbul Conven¬tion. President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy. Official website. [In Ukrainian]. June 21, 2022. https://www.president.gov.ua/news/prezident-pidpisav-zakon-pro-ratifikaci¬yu-stambulskoyi-konve-75969

Strauss, L. (1948). On Tyranny. An Interpretation of Xenophon’s Hiero. With a Foreword by A. Johnson. New York: Political Science Classics.

Sun Tzu. (2016). The Art of War / trans. from Chinese by S. Lesnyak. [In Ukrainian]. Lviv: The Old Lion Publishing House.

Teaching About War. (2022). Educators 4 Social Change. https://educators4sc.org/topic-guides/teaching-about-war/

Volkovskyi, V. (2021). Independence in opposition to the “Russian world”: a philosophi¬cal and pedagogical dimension. [In Ukrainian]. Philosophy of Education, 27(1), 57–79. https://doi.org/10.31874/2309-1606-2021-27-1-4

Yermolenko, A. (2022). Widerstand statt Verhandlung. Antwort auf Jürgen Habermas. Frank¬furter Allgemeine Zeitung. 20.05.2022. https://www.faz.net/aktuell/feuilleton/debatten/ der-ukrainische-philosoph-yermolenko-antwortet-habermas-18044530.html

Zoja, L. (2019). History of Arrogance: Psychology and Limits of Development / trans. from Italian. S. Sarvira. [In Ukrainian]. Lviv: Astrolabia.

Downloads

Abstract views: 69

Published

2022-08-25

How to Cite

Boichenko, M. (2022). Correction of the naming of things: the coercion of war in education and public life. Filosofiya Osvity. Philosophy of Education, 28(1), 11–27. https://doi.org/10.31874/2309-1606-2022-28-1-1

Issue

Section

Articles

Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.