The notion of ‘Open Science’: its values and meaning for the higher education system

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31874/2309-1606-2021-27-2-1

Keywords:

open science, ethos of science, academic integrity, science in universities

Abstract

The article is dedicated to the analysis of the notion and phenomenon of ‘open science’ as a way to solve the paradoxes of the today’s science as a mass occupation, especially in higher education. In the absence of inner motivations for scientific investigations among both undergraduates and professional researchers, science becomes a ‘closed’ system, which turns into a profanation of academic activities and is deprived of connection with society in general. The concept of “open science” that has appeared in the public discourse in 2010s is presented as a complex multilayer phenomenon. The analyzes reveals that this notion combines the emphasis on behavior, practices and procedures (free and open public access to data, methods, research results and publications) on the ‘lower‘ level with the urge to create technological platforms, services and tools for scientists to enable their wide international and interdisciplinary cooperation on the ‘middle’ level and with the theory and values that would enable science to re-institutionalize itself in today’s society as a public activity on the ‘higher’ level. The values here refer to the classical scientific ethos: openness of science acts as an explication of the mertonian principles of universalism and communism as fundamental values of science. It is argued that the development of the ‘open science’ concept corresponds to the democratization of science in general: a truly effective academic activity could be based only on the moral imperative of each human person as an autonomous and creative subject of judgment and of reconstruction of the ideal of scientific ethos. At the same time, ‘open science’ partly resembles today a popular slogan actively used in public discourse and in various declarations, but the task of filling it with meanings and translating it into practices is still unsolved.

Author Biography

Yurii Mielkov, Institute of Higher Education of National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine

Dr.Hab., Ph.D.; Senior Researcher of the Department of Research Activity of Universities

References

Amsterdam Call for Action on Open Science. (2016). https://www.government.nl/binaries/government/documents/reports/2016/04/04/amsterdam-call-for-action-on-open-science/amsterdam-call-for-action-on-open-science.pdf.

Chubin, D. E. (1985). Open Science and Closed Science: Tradeoffs in a Democracy. Science, Technology, & Human Values 10(2), 73–81.

Corker, K. (2018). Open Science is a Behavior. Center for Open Science. https://www.cos.io/blog/open-science-is-a-behavior

David, P. A. (2008). The historical origins of 'Open Science': An essay on patronage, reputation and common agency contracting in the scientific revolution. Capitalism and Society 3(2), Article 5. https://doi.org/10.2202/1932-0213.1040.

Dijk, W. van, Schatschneider, Ch., & Hart, S. (2021). Open Science in Education Sciences. Journal of Learning Disabilities 54(2), 139–152. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022219420945267.

Dewey, J. (1916). Democracy and Education. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Education. New York: The MacMillan Company.

Fecher, B., & Friesike, S. (2014). Open Science: One Term, Five Schools of Thought. Opening Science. The Evolving Guide on How the Internet is Changing Research, Collaboration and Scholarly Publishing / ed. by S. Bartling and S. Friesike, Springer, 17–47. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-00026-8_2.

Fishman, T. (ed.). (2014). The Fundamental Values of Academic Integrity: The Second Edition. Clemson University: International Center for Academic Integrity. http://www.academicintegrity.org/icai/assets/Revised_FV_2014.pdf.

Habermas, J. (1962/1990). Strukturwandel der Öffentlichkeit: Untersuchungen zu einer Kategorie der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.

Knöchelmann, M. (2019). Open Science in the Humanities, or: Open Humanities? Publications 7(4): 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/publications7040065.

Merton, R. (1942/1973). The Normative Structure of Science. Merton R. The Sociology of Science. Theoretical and Empirical Investigations. Chicago; L.: The University of Chicago Press, 267–278.

Mirowski, Ph. (2018). The future(s) of open science. Social Studies of Science 48(2), 171–203. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306312718772086.

Myelkov, Yu., Tolstoukhov, A., & Parapan, I. (2016). The Many-Faced Democracy. Saarbrücken: Lambert Academic Publishing.

Mielkov, Yu. (2021). Increasing the research capacity of Ukrainian universities: problems, value dimensions and the path of democratization. [In Ukrainian]. Universities and Leadership 1(11), 116–131. https://ul-journal.org/index.php/journal/article/view/143/132.

Roadmap for Ukraine’s Integration into the European Research Area (ERA-UA), accepted by the decision of collegia of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, protocol 3/1-7 from March 22 2018. https://mon.gov.ua/storage/app/media/kolegiya-ministerstva/2018/05/1-dorozhnya-karta-integratsii-ukraini-do-evro.pdf.

Smith, K. N., & Makel, M. C. (2019). Open Science: A Candid Conversation. Journal of Advanced Academics 30(2), 111–123. https://doi.org/10.1177/1932202X19829750.

Stepin, V. S. (2005). Theoretical knowledge. Dordrecht, Springer Verlag.

Vicente-Saez, R., & Martinez-Fuentes, C. (2018). Open Science now: A systematic literature review for an integrated definition. Journal of Business Research 88, 428–436.

Vicente-Saez, R., Gustafsson, R., & Van den Brande, L. (2020). The dawn of an open exploration era: Emergent principles and practices of open science and innovation of university research teams in a digital world. Technological Forecasting & Social Change 156, 120037, 10.

Wills, A. (2019). Open Science, Open Source and R. Linux Journal. https://www.linuxjournal.com/content/open-science-open-source-and-r.

Downloads

Abstract views: 96

Published

2022-02-25

How to Cite

Mielkov, Y. (2022). The notion of ‘Open Science’: its values and meaning for the higher education system. Filosofiya Osvity. Philosophy of Education, 27(2), 8–23. https://doi.org/10.31874/2309-1606-2021-27-2-1

Issue

Section

Articles

Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.