Phenomenon of Learning in the Framework of Communicative Philosophy by J. Habermas
Keywords:theory of learning, socialization, moral development, lifeworld, communicative action, communicative rationality, illocutionary force, the public sphere, “the idea of the University
Jurgen Habermas, a prominent social theorist and philosopher of the twentieth century, educational implications of communicative philosophy and post-metaphysical thinking are
examined in the article. The author is analyzing the possibilities and some experiences of applying Habermas contribution in learning theory that have already taken place in the philosophy. This learning theory is considered as part of the theoretical study of the educational principles. The theoretical concept of contemporary society, developed by Habermas, is a methodological focus of detection, localization, and accentuation of the most important aspects and problems of education in the complex contextual interweaving of society. The learning as socialization and moral development of the individual, learning in communicative action, the universal element of which is the illocutionary force of the speech act, and learning in reproduction of life world, are consideredas such processesin the article; the social evolution is viewed through the prism of the learning process, including «learning from history», as well as learning in the democratic process, particularly, in the public sphere. Special attention is paid to the university as a context
of learning critical thinking and citizenship.
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