Imperatives of responsibility of research activity of researchers
Keywords:research activity, researchers, responsibility, imperatives, retrospective and perspective concept, the policy of responsibility, scientific education
In this article, the author makes an attempt to analyze the responsibility of research activities of researchers as a systemic phenomenon. The research is based on the combination of the results of the generalization of theoretical provisions with the results of practical developments, reflected in the standards of international and European documents. The author is disclosing the role of responsibility of research activity as a priority area of integration of the domestic research system into the European research area, ERA.
The main result and scientific novelty of this article is the generalization of the imperative norms of responsibility of the researcher as the main actor in the system of research activity. An essential aspect of the study of the responsibility of research activities of researchers as a systemic phenomenon is the author's proposed classification of relevant imperative requirements regulated by international and European standards. Their structure contains such components: general responsibility; ethical and professional responsibility; responsible evaluation of research activities; quality, reliability, and integrity; cross-border cooperation; scientific education and training of researchers; responsibility of young scientists; research processes and results.
The author concludes about the multifaceted nature and difficulty of the imperative field of responsibility of research activities of researchers and argues that the behavior of researchers is largely mediated by the nature of the relationship and the level of responsibility of other subjects of the research activity.
A Framework for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Reviews Harnessing innovation for sustainable development. (2019). UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT. Geneva, United Nations. https://unctad.org/system/files/official-document/dtlstict2019d4_en.pdf - C.15.
A new ERA for Research and Innovation. (2020). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Brussels, 30.9.2020 COM (2020) 628 final. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52020DC0628&rid=1
About RRI. (2018). https://youtu.be/bs5A-4j5h-I
Action plan for the implementation of the Association Agreement between Ukraine, on the one hand, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, on the other hand. (2017). Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 1106 of October 25, 2017. [In Ukrainian]. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1106-2017-%D0%BF#Text
Agreement between Ukraine and the European Community on scientific and technological cooperation. (2021). Law of Ukraine “On Ratification of the Agreement (in the form of Exchange of Notes) between Ukraine and the European Union on the Renewal of the Agreement between Ukraine and the European Community on Scientific and Technological Cooperation” № 1673-IX of 15.07.2021. [In Ukrainian]. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/994_194#Text
Agreement on Ukraine's participation in the Horizon Europe Framework Program for Research and Innovation and the European Atomic Energy Community's Euratom Research and Training Program. October 12, 2021. (2021). [In Ukrainian]. https://mon.gov.ua/ua/news/ukrayina-priyednalasya-do-program-gorizont-yevropa-ta-yevratom
Amsterdam Call for Action on Open Science. (2016). https://www.government.nl/documents/reports/2016/04/04/amsterdam-call-for-action-on-open-science.
Association Agreement between Ukraine, of the one part, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the other part. (2014). Law of Ukraine № 1678-VII of 16.09.2014.[In Ukrainian]. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/984_011/print
Code of Ethics World Economic Forum Young Scientists World. (2018). World economic forum, 2018. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Code_of_Ethics.pdf
Council resolution of 25 July 1983 on framework programmes for Community research, development and demonstration activities and a first framework programme 1984 to 1987.(1983). Official Journal C 208, 04/08/1983, 0001. – 31983Y0804(01) https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:31983Y0804(01)
ETHNA System: Literature review and state of the art description. (2021). https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=https%3A%2F%2Fethnasystem.eu%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2021%2F02%2FETHNA_Report_state-of-the-art-2021-1.pdf&embedded=true&chrome=false&dov=1
Euratom Research and Training Programme 2021-2025. (2021). An official website of the European Union. https://ec.europa.eu/info/research-and-innovation/funding/funding-opportunities/funding-programmes-and-open-calls/horizon-europe/euratom-research-and-training-programme_en
European Research Area & Open Science. (2021). https://eu-life.eu/research-policy/european-research-area-open-science
European Research Area (ERA). (2021). General Secretariat for Research and Innovation. http://www.gsrt.gr/central.aspx?sId=125I490I1258I323I514922
Foster. Responsible Research and Innovation Taxonomy. (2021). https://www.fosteropenscience.eu/themes/fosterstrap/images/taxonomies/taxonomy_rri.png.
Glerup C., & Horst M. (2014). Mapping ‘social responsibility’ in science.Journal of Responsible Innovation 1(1), 31-50. https://doi.org/10.1080/23299460.2014.882077
Global Open Science Partnership. UNESCO. (2021). https://en.unesco.org/science-sustainable-future/open-science/partnership.
Hong Kong Principles for assessing researchers. (2019). https://wcrif.org/guidance/hong-kong-principles
Horizon 2020. (2013). Work Programme 2018-2020 16. Science with and for Society. https://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/wp/2018-2020/main/h2020-wp1820-swfs_en.pdf
Implementing RRI in Horizon 2020. (2020).https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/horizon2020/en/h2020-section/responsible-research-innovation
Including Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) in the development and implementation of Horizon Europe.Position Paper. (2021). https://rri-in-horizon-europe.net/position-paper-from-the-core-group/
Integrity in Scientific Research: Creating an Environment That Promotes Responsible Conduct (2002). Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK208714/#_ddd00059_ A.
Luhovyi V., & Petroye O. (Ed.). (2021). Theoretical bases of increasing the responsibility of research activities of universities in the context of the implementation of the concept of "Open Science". Theoretical bases of increasing research capacity of Ukrainian universities in the context of implementation of the concept of "Open Science": preprint (analytical materials). [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Institute of Higher Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine. https://ihed.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/doslidn-univ_2021-206p.pdf
Luhovyi V., Talanova J. (Ed.). (2020) Mechanisms of assessing the quality of higher education in the context of European integration: a monograph. Kyiv: Institute of Higher Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine.[In Ukrainian]. https://ihed.org.ua/publications/mehanizmy-otsinyuvannya-yakosti-vyshhoyi-osvity-v-umovah-yevrointegratsiyi-monografiya-2020-220-s/
Kalashnikova (Ed.) (2020). Mechanisms of implementing effective governance in universities of Ukrainian the context of European integration: Collective monograph. Kyiv: Institute of Higher Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine. [In Ukrainian]. https://ihed.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Mekhanizmy_vriaduvania_univ_UA_Monogr_IVO-2020-223p_avtors-kolektiv.pdf
Kovtunets V. (Ed.). (2018). Analysis of the leading domestic and foreign experience on the mechanisms of financial autonomy of higher education institutions (part I): preprint (analytical materials). [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Institute of Higher Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine. https://ihed.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/Analiz_dosvidu_fin-avtonomii_zVO_ch1_analit_IVO-2018-177p_avtors-kolektiv.pdf
Making a reality of The European Research Area: Guidelines for EU research activities. Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - (2002-2006) /* COM/2000/0612 final. (2000).https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52000DC0612
Meek L., Teichler U., &Kearney M.-L. (eds.). (2009). Higher Education, Research and Innovation: Changing Dynamics. Report on the UNESCO Forum on Higher Education, Research and Knowledge 2001-2009. International Centre for Higher Education Research Kassel (INCHER-Kassel).
Montreal Statement on Research Integrity in Cross-Boundary Research Collaborations. (2013). Montréal. 3rd World Conference on Research Integrity, 5-8 May 2013. https://wcrif.org/documents/356-iapg-translations-montreal-statment/file
On higher education. (2014). Law of Ukraine № 1556-VII July 1, 2014. [In Ukrainian]. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1556-18#Text
On scientific and scientific-technical activity. (2015). Law of Ukraine № 848-VIII of November 26, 2015. [In Ukrainian]. https://kodeksy.com.ua/pro_naukovu_i_naukovo-tehnichnu_diyal_nist.htmhttps: // kodeksy. com.ua/pro_naukovu_i_naukovo-tehnichnu_diyal_nist.htm
On standardization. (2014). Law of Ukraine № 1315-VII of June 5, 2014. [In Ukrainian]. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1315-18/print
Owen R., Bessant J. Heintz M. (Eds.). (2013). A vision of responsible research and innovation. Responsible Innovation. Managing the responsible emergence of Science and Innovation in society. Wiley. 2013. P. 51-74. https://www.wiley.com/en-ie/Responsible+Innovation:+Managing+the+Responsible+Emergence+of+Science+and+Innovation+in+Society-p-9781119966364
Plan S. Responsible Research Assessment and Evaluation. (2018). https://www.coalition-s.org/responsible-research-assessment-and-evaluation/
Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007-2013). (2006). Decision No 1982/2006/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Seventh Framework https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32006D1982
Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers. The General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 13 November 2017. (2017). http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=49455&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
Responsible research & innovation. (2013). https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/horizon2020/en/h2020-section/responsible-research-innovation
Responsible Research and Innovation in Academic Practice. University of Vienna.(2021).https://rri.univie.ac.at/en/
Responsible Science: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process. "Front Matter".(1992). National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine. Washington, The National Academies Press. Volume I. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK234523/
Roadmap for Ukraine's integration into the European Research Area (ERA-UA). (2018). Decision of the Board of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine Minutes of March 22, 2018 № 3 / 1-7. [In Ukrainian].https://mon.gov.ua/storage/app/media/kolegiya-ministerstva/2018/05/1-dorozhnya-karta-integratsii-ukraini-do-evro.pdf
Rome Declaration on Responsible Research and Innovation in Europe.(2014). EC. https://digital-strategy.ec.europa.eu/en/library/rome-declaration-responsible-research-and-innovation-europe
Seventh Framework Programme: Building the Europe of Knowledge. (2007). https://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/research/fp7_en
Singapore statement on research integrity. (2010). Singapore. 2nd World Conference on Research Integrity, 21-24 July 2010. https://wcrif.org/statement
Steneck, N. H., & Bulger, R. E. (2007). The history, purpose, and future of instruction in the responsible conduct of research. Academic Medicine 82(9), 829-834.
Strategic Plan 2020-2024 DG Research and Innovation. (2020). https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/default/files/rtd_sp_2020_2024_en.pdf
Tassone, V. C., O'Mahony, C., et al. (2018). (Re-)designing higher education curricula in times of systemic dysfunction: a responsible research and innovation perspective. Higher Education 76(2), 337-352.
The European Charter for Researchers. (2005). https://euraxess.ec.europa.eu/jobs/charter/european-charter
The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity Revised Edition. (2017). ALLEA - All European Academies, Berlin. https://allea.org/code-of-conduct/
The European Commission’s vision of RRI. (2020). Horizon 2020. Ethics Governance System for RRI in Higher (ETHNA). https://ethnasystem.eu/about-rri/#:~:text=The%20European%20Commission's%20vision%20of,and%20sustainable%20research%20and%20innovation.
The Global Risks Report 2020. (2020). Insight Report 15th Edition In partnership with Marsh & McLennan and Zurich Insurance Group. https://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Global_Risk_Report_2020.pdf
Tijdink J.K., Horbach S.P.J.M., Nuijten M.B., &O’Neill G.T. (2021). Towards a Research Agenda for Promoting Responsible Research Practices. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 16(4), 450-460. https://doi.org/10.1177/15562646211018916
Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development UN General Assembly Resolution of September 25, 2015. (2015). Seventieth session. Items 15 and 116 of the Agenda. https://www.undp.org/content/dam/ukraine/ docs/SDGreports/Agenda2030_UA.pdf
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Filosofiya osvity. Philosophy of Education
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication;
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.