Dialogue of cultures as a synthesis of arts: experience of formation of integrative poetics in Diaghilev's seasons
Keywords:philosophy of art education, dialogue of cultures, work of art, synthesis of arts, synthetic artistic image, choreography, scenography
The article is devoted to the definition of the synthesis of arts in Serge Diaghilev's seasons as a dialogue of cultures. In contrast to the interpretation of the dialogue of cultures as a sociological phenomenon, which has become a truism, when the dialogue of cultures in the Diaghilev's seasons is seen as a dialogue of French and Russian cultures, it is provided the interpretation of the dialogue of cultures in a work of art. In particular, in Ihor Stravinsky's "Sacred Spring" staged by Waclaw Nizynski, scenography by Nikolay Rerich, there is a dialogue between pagan and Christian cultures as a synthetic choreographic and musical image. Rerich's scenery introduces another cultural allusion - images of the East. The philosophical meaning of interpretation is the ideological definition of synthetic artistic image as a cultural dialogue. Theoretical works and memoirs of I. Stravinsky and S. Lifar testify that there was a certain school of growth in the stage space of the Seasons. Young people quickly became leading dancers, and then created their own choreographic school – "cubist" in Bronislawa and Waclaw Nizynski, "media" – in Lifar. I. Stravinsky became the founder of a new type of synthetic-type scenicism, where the musicality and picturesqueness of plastic exercises turned into large canvases of various genres – folklore, impressionist, expressionist counterpoint. The philosophy of modern art education in the field of music, choreography and vocal creativity encourages the cultural and historical reconstruction of the experience of leading artists who created unsurpassed masterpieces of European culture in the early twentieth century.
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