Human calling in the contemporary world: responsibility and expected competencies of educators

Keywords: calling, competencies, responsibility, ethical virtues, values, motivation, evaluation, pedagogical work, reform of education

Abstract

The research focuses on calling phenomenon in the context of the tasks of school reform, definition of the ways of development and motivation of educators. The study analyses social, cultural and humanity aspects of the idea of human calling in the contemporary world as well as the tasks of educators in forming of the system of appropriate competencies of students. The practical issues and international experience of taking into consideration of calling factor in education of teachers and the possibility of use of calling criterion for the assessment of professional suitability of teachers are examined. In particular, the experience of the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) in the USA confirms the necessity of measuring not only the knowledge and psychological qualities of the potential teachers, but also of evaluation their ethical virtues. Therefore, if some teachers do experience a calling, it would fall under the “virtue ethics”.

Regarding to the personal nature of the phenomenon of calling and moral autonomy of the person, it is unreasonable and unmoral to implement a formal requirement of calling from the candidates for any job. Whereas in the system of the professional evaluation, in particular in education, the criteria of ethical virtues and attitudes to work has to be formulated as for the indirect manifestations of the experience of calling of a personality. Such indicators are: passion – abilities – their practical implementation – the aim of social benefit. The list of personal virtues corresponding to the experience of calling in education framed as following: open-mindedness, love to children, respect, sympathy, tolerance, objectiveness, honesty, fairness, insistency, responsibility.

Author Biography

Yevhen Ivanovych Muliarchuk, H. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

PhD in Philosophy (Ethics), Senior Research Fellow

References

Civil society: origins and contemporary world. (2002) Ed. prof. I.I.Kalnoi, doz. I.N.Lopushinskiy. SPb.: Legal center Press [in Russian].

Dovbnya, V. (2018) New Ukrainian school: an attempt of philosophical and anthropological comprehension. Філософія освіти. Philosophy of Education, 1 (22), 240-258 [in Ukrainian] URL: www.philosopheducation.com

The Concept of Realization of the State Policy in the Reform of General Secondary Education “New Ukrainian School” for the period up to 2029 (2016) The Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated December 14, 2016 No. 988-p [in Ukrainian]. URL: https://www.kmu.gov.ua/ua/npas/249613934

Muliarchuk, Y. (2017a) Calling as a motivating factor of the development of education in Ukraine. Filosofiya osvity. Philosophy of Education, 1 (20), 213-234 [in Ukrainian]. URL: www.philosopheducation.com

Muliarchuk, Y. (2017b) On the concept of calling. Philosophical thought, 3, 94-106 [in Ukrainian]. URL: https://journal.philosophy.ua

On Approval of the Action Plan for the years 2017–2029 for Implementation of the Concept of Realization of the State Policy in the Reform of General Secondary Education “New Ukrainian School” (2017) The Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated December 13, 2017 No. 903-p [in Ukrainian]. URL: https://www.kmu.gov.ua

Raven, J. (2002) Competence in Modern Society: its Identification, Development and Release. M.: Conti-Canter [in Russian].

Robinson, К. (2010) The Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything (with Lou Aronica), M.: Мann, Ivanov and Ferber [in Russian].

Ruchka, А.O. (2013) Value transformation as a leading topic of contemporary sociological analyses. In: Ukrainian informational space. Part 1, 163-169 [in Ukrainian].

Ruchka, А.O., Naumova, M.U. (2013) Values and value identification types in the contemporary society. In: Ukrainian society 1992-2013, status and dynamics of changes: Sociological monitoring. К.: Institute of Sociology National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 285-297 [in Ukrainian].

Ruchka, А.O. (2015) Values and their transformation in sociological perspective. In: Variations of culture: sociological prospects. К.: Institute of Sociology National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 41-75 [in Ukrainian].

Ruchka, А.O. (2017) Value trends in the context of the contemporary modernization processes. In: Historical and strategic imperatives of modernization of the leading and transitive countries of the world: Сollected scientific papers (ed. О.V.Zernytska). К.: SI «Institute of universal history National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 25-34 [in Ukrainian].

Bigham, J.T. (2008) Role of spirituality in persons choosing a career in education: calling as a motivating factor. Liberty University, USA.

Bigham, J.T., Smith, S.J. (2008) Called to Teach: Interpreting the Phenomenon of Calling as a Motivating Factor. In: Life@School. Volume 7, number 1, Fall issue. Faculty Publications and Presentations. Paper 99, 8-2-2008. URL: http://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/educ_fac_pubs/99

Farkas, S., Johnson, J., & Foleno, T. (2000) A Sense of Calling. Who Teaches and Why. In: Public Agenda, 1-16. URL: https://www.publicagenda.org/files/sense_of_calling.pdf

McKnight, D. (2004) An inquiry of NCATE’s move into virtue ethics by way of dispositions (Is this what Aristotle meant?). In: Educational Studies, 35(3), 212-230.

Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (2015) URL: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld

Abstract views: 97 | PDF Downloads: 51
Published
2019-12-04
How to Cite
Muliarchuk, Y. (2019). Human calling in the contemporary world: responsibility and expected competencies of educators. Filosofiya Osvity. Philosophy of Education, 24(1), 187-200. https://doi.org/10.31874/2309-1606-2019-24-1-187-200
Section
Articles

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.