Evolution of Representations of Complex Self-Organizing Environments/Systems in the Humanities at the Abroad of the XX-XXI centuries
This article examines issues related to the transformation of ideas about self-organization in humanities in Ukraine at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries. These ideas about processes of self-organization of complex systems that developed initially within the framework of natural science knowledge (physics, chemistry, biology) go beyond the framework of natural science methodology and become an interdisciplinary field of research in which many fundamental problems of the humanities in the field of social philosophy, sociology, psychology and philosophy of education. And this transition is not gradual, but spasmodic, which allows us to talk about the synergetic paradigm, established today in modern Ukrainian humanity. If in the 90's. in Ukraine there are only two pioneering monographs (I.S. Dobronravova, I.V. Yershova-Babenko), devoted to the philosophical and methodological analysis of the main synergistic categories (self-organization, non-linear thinking, complexity, etc.), at the moment such monographs in the humanities (philosophy, sociology, psychology, etc.) are already numerous. Moreover, the main synergistic concepts and categories used in the field of natural science knowledge in the new research area not only found application, but were significantly expanded and transformed. Thus, ideas about self-organization that arose in physics, chemistry, and other natural sciences were applied to complex self-developing objects in the social and human sciences, which allowed developing a new methodological tool that is characterized by universality, transversality, polyphonicity, flexibility and holistic approach to the object of research. This toolkit responds to modern transformations and transitions existing in global cultural and historical reality, represented by such concepts as "globalization", "information-communicative revolution", or "informationalism" (Castells). Thus, at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries in Ukraine, the study of complex self-organizing environments / systems in the social and humanitarian sphere starts from the positions of the synergetic methodology as a general scientific research program.
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