Philosophy of life in successful community

Keywords: philosophy of life, quality of education, effectiveness of education, successful communities, sense of superiority, threat, contempt, fear, parents' pressure, impulse control, reform of Ukrainian education

Abstract

Historical experience and scientific researches witness that both an individual’s life success and a country’s prosperity and the living standard of population depend not on the quality of education itself, but on its effectiveness. The effectiveness of education, in turn, is determined by a social productivity of science, which can be presented elementarily by such a simple indicator as a number of Nobel laureates. The USA holds the leading place among countries in this area. Thus, the United States is the country that can maximally ensure human development, and most importantly – a realization of human natural gifts and an acquisition of appropriate material welfare. This is evidenced not only by the high level of science development, but also by the phenomenon of a success of a number of immigrant communities compared with the US European population. The most successful ethnic groups in the United States are Jews, Indians, Chinese, Nigerians, Cubans, Iranians and Lebanese. Particularly impressive is the success of the Nigerians and Cubans against a background of comparatively small achievements of the African and Latin Americans. It has been found that all most successful ethnic groups in the USA have three mental traits: a superiority complex, an insecurity, and impulse control. The superiority complex lies in deep inner confidence in an uniqueness of your community compared to others. This confidence can be based on religion, majestic history and culture, origin, and so on. Insecurity means anxiety uncertainty in its significance in society, concern about a lack of results of its activities. Key sources of insecurity are scorn by other communities, fear and parents’ pressure. A scorn by the people of a strange country and its own indignation in this regard may be the most powerful incentive for growth. The second source of the insecurity is fear of being unable to survive in a strange country, which can lead to despair, paralysis of will, capitulation, even shame. But it can also cause a completely different reaction – an urge to rise, earn money, reach power, either to become successful here, or to have same means to escape. The third and most common source of the sense of threat in successful immigrant communities is the pressure from parents to children to be succeed. Parents bring up children's to conviction that success, foremost in learning, is a responsibility of family honor, as well as protection from an uncertain and hostile world. Impulse control means an ability to withstand various temptations, especially the temptation to relinquish difficulty and challenge a difficult task rather than to perform it. No human society can exist without control of impulses. However, it must be remembered that individual control of impulses is just a futile austerity. Success is only possible as a result of combining all three principles – a conviction of superiority, a sense of threat, and an impulse control. Philosophy of a successful life is an extremely effective means of achieving a high social status, if it is important for you. However, it should be used only to succeed. After this it is necessary to get rid of success philosophy, because in the future it can cause a pathological drive to extremes. The experience of bringing up children in the successful communities of America will undoubtedly be useful in the current reforming of Ukrainian education.

Author Biography

Valentyn Mychailovych Pomohaibo, Poltava National Pedagogical V. G. Korolenko University (Ukraine)

candidate of science (biology), assistant professor, professor-consultant

References

The Bible (1988) Anniversary edition on the occasion of the Millennium of Christianity in Ukraine. US: ELM [in Ukrainian].

Girnyi OI (2017) On what to build a theory of education for the "new Ukrainian school". Filosofiya osvity.Philosophy of Education, 21(2), 98-114 [in Ukrainian].

Dovbnya V.M. (2018) The New Ukrainian School: An Attempt at Philosophical and Anthropological Thinking. Filosofiya osvity. Philosophy of Education, 22(1), 240-258 [in Ukrainian].

Pomagaibo V.M. (2018) The philosophy of successful Finnish education. Filosofiya osvity. Philosophy of Education, 23(2), 270-282 [in Ukrainian].

Chua E. (2017) Three forces: How to bring up in successful communities. K.: Yakaboo Publishing [in Ukrainian].

All Nobel Prizes (2019) The Nobel Prizes (Official website). URL: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/lists/all-nobel-prizes/.

American Jews (2018) Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Jews.

Baumeister, R.F. (2011) Willpower: Rediscovering the greatest human strength / R.F. Baumeister, J. Tierney. NY: Penguin Press.

Best Countries for Education (2019) USNews. 2019. URL: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/best-education.

Bloom, A. (1986) Prodigal sons: The New York intellectuals and their world. NY: Oxford University Press.

Bowman, M. (2012) The Mormon people: The making of an American faith. NY: Random House.

Burstein, P. (2007) Jewish educational and economic success in the United States: A search for explanations. Sociological Perspectives, 50(2), 209-214.

Category: Lists of American Jews (2019) Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Lists_of_American_Jews.

Chao, R.K. (1996) Chinese and European American mothers’ beliefs about the role of parenting in children’s school success. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 27(4), 403-423;

Chinese Americans (2019) Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Americans.

Chua, A. (2007) Day of empire: How hyperpowers rise to global dominance – and why they fall. NY: Doubleday.

Chua, A. (2015) The triple package: How three unlikely traits explain the rise and fall of cultural groups in America / A. Chua, J. Rubenfeld. NY: The Penguin Press.

Chua, A. (2017) Three powers: How to educate in successful communities. Transl. from English / A. Chua, J. Rubenfeld. К.: Yakaboo Publishing [In Ukrainian].

Dershowitz, A.M. (1997) The vanishing American Jew: In search of Jewish identity for the next century. NY: Little, Brown and Company.

Dovbnya, V.M. (2018) New Ukrainian school: an attempt of philosophical and anthropological comprehension. Filosofiya osvity. Philosophy of Education, 22(1), 240-258 [In Ukrainian].

Duckworth, A.L. (2007) Grit: Perseverance and passion for long-term goals / A.L. Duckworth, Ch. Peterson, M.D. Matthews, D. Kelly. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol., 92(6), 1087-1110.

Duckworth, A.L. (2011) The significance of self-control.. PNAS, 108(7), 2639–2640.

Duckworth, A.L. (2012) What no child left behind leaves behind: The roles of IQ and self-control in predicting standardized achievement test scores and report card grades / A.L. Duckworth, P.D. Quinn, E. Tsukayama. J. Educ. Psychol., 104(2), 439–451.

Dweck, C.S. (2006) Mindset: The new psychology of success. NY: Random House.

Education index (2018) Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_Index.

Family, American Jewish (2018) Jewish Virtual Library. URL: http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/family-american-jewish.

Fatal Injury Reports (2015) National and Regional, 1999 – 2015. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA, Atlanta, GA. URL: https://webappa.cdc.gov/sasweb/ncipc/mortrate10_us.html

Gitlin, T. (2010) The chosen peoples: America, Israel, and the ordeals of divine election / T. Gitlin, L. Leibovitz. NY: Simon & Schuster.

Gonzalez-Pando, M. (1998) The Cuban Americans. Westport, CT, and London: Greenwood Press.

Grygorova, N.V. (2017) The Modern School in the European Educational Philosophy Discourse. Filosofiya osvity. Philosophy of Education, 21(2), 258-261. [In Ukrainian].

Guo, Y. (2004) Cultural nationalism in contemporary China. London: Routledge Curzon.

Halvorson, H.G. (2011) Succeed: How we can reach our goals. NY: Hudson Street Press.

Hirnyi, О.І. (2017) What to build the theory of upbringing for the “New Ukrainian school”. Filosofiya osvity. Philosophy of Education, 21(2), 98-114. [In Ukrainian].

Horowitz, D.L. (1985) Ethnic groups in conflict. Berkeley, LA, and London: University of California Press.

Howe, I. (1976) World of our fathers. NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Indian Americans (2019) Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Americans.

Isaacson, W. (1992) Kissinger: A biography. NY: Simon & Schuster.

Israel, S. (1994) Great Jewish speeches throughout history / S. Israel, S. Forman, eds. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson Inc.

Jen, G. (2013) Tiger riting: Art, culture, and the interdependent self. Cambridge, MA, and London: Harvard University Press.

Johnson, P. (1987) A history of the Jews. N,Y.: Harper & Row.

Kennedy, P. (1988) The rise and fall of the great powers. London: Unwin Hyman.

Li, J. (2012) Cultural foundations of learning: East and West. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

List of Chinese Americans (2018) Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Chinese_Americans

List of Indian Americans (2019) Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Indian_Americans

List of Jewish Nobel laureates (2018) Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Jewish_Nobel_laureates.

List of Nobel laureates by country (2019) Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nobel_laureates_by_country.

Louie, V.S. (2004) Compelled to excel: Immigration, education, and opportunity among Chinese Americans. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

McGonigal, K. (2012) The willpower instinct: How self-control works, why it matters, and what you can do to get more of it. N.Y.: Avery.

Mobasher, M.M. (2012) Iranians in Texas: Migration, politics, and ethnic identity. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Muraven, M. (1999) Longitudinal improvement of self-regulation through practice: building self-control through repeated exercise / M. Muraven, R.F. Baumeister, D.M. Tice. J. Soc. Psychol., 139(4), 446-57.

Oaten M. (2006a) Improved self-control: The benefits of a regular program of academic study / M. Oaten, K. Cheng. Basic App. Soc. Psych., 28(1), 1-16.

Oaten M. (2006b) Longitudinal gains in self-regulation from regular physical exercise / M. Oaten, K. Cheng. Br. J. Health Psychol., 11(4), 717-33.

Ostling, R.N. (2007) Mormon America: The power and the promise / R.N. Ostling, J.K. Ostling. New York: Harper One.

Patai, R. (1996) The Jewish mind. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Pomohaibo, V.M. (2018) Philosophy of successful Finnish education. Filosofiya osvity. Philosophy of Education, 22(2) [In Ukrainian].

Puskorius, S. (2015) The methodology of calculation the quality of life index. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 5(2), 156-159. URL: http://www.ijiet.org/papers/494-S10008.pdf.

Raghavan, A. (2013) The billionaire’s apprentice: The rise of the Indian-American elite and the fall of the Galleon Hedge Fund. NY and Boston: Business Plus

Rumbaut, R.G. (2005) Children of immigrants and their achievement: The role of family, acculturation, social class, gender, ethnicity, and school contexts. In Addressing the achievement gap: Theory informing practice. Ed. R.D. Taylor. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, Inc.

SAMHSA (2014) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Results from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings. URL: https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUHresultsPDFWHTML2013/Web/NSDUHresults2013.pdf.

Sullivan B. (2013) The plateau effect / B. Sullivan, H.H. Thomposn. NY: Penguin Press.

The Bible (1988) Jubilee Edition on the Millennium occasion of Christianity in Ukraine. USA: ELM.

Wang, Q.E. (1999) History, space, and ethnicity: The Chinese worldview. J. World Hist., 10(2), 285-305.

Abstract views: 88 | PDF Downloads: 37
Published
2019-12-04
How to Cite
Pomohaibo, V. (2019). Philosophy of life in successful community. Filosofiya Osvity. Philosophy of Education, 24(1), 128-141. https://doi.org/10.31874/2309-1606-2019-24-1-128-141
Section
Articles

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.