From demographic crisis to prosperity: Ukrainian students are the key to success
Keywords:Demographic crisis, youth policy, the structure of society, depopulation, social potential, educational policy
The article analyzes the demographic situation in Ukraine in comparison with European countries. Features, forms of manifestation nd causes of the demographic crisis in modern Ukraine are shown. It is established that the situation with demographic potential is especially critical in Ukrainian society. It is substantiated that the current demographic situation is characterized by depopulation trends, declining birth rates, increased mortality, reduced life expectancy. Among the main factors contributing to the deteriorating demographic situation in the country are economic (low wages and pensions, inflation, constantly rising tariffs for housing and communal services, electricity, gas), social (unsatisfactory housing conditions for young people, high unemployment, deteriorating public health, declining health care), political (political instability, political risks, incomplete changes in the management system, inconsistency of public administration mechanisms with management goals, copying other people's reforms, lack of clear idea and integrated (comprehensive) reform strategy), state- managerial (with solving the problems of self-organization, ie overcoming the inconsistencies of the state of public administration and civil society to the modern world level and the requirements of their organization and functioning, as well as problems of improving the subject-object relations, management regime). The influence of migration processes among young people on the development of society is determined. It is substantiated that the demographic problem is a public administration problem. It is noted that one of the factors in increasing the role of youth in state-building processes and social development is the system of higher education. Public policies (demographic, youth, education) need to be more effective.
Babiak H., & Koshil A. (2016). Peculiarities of formation and use of economically active population of the region. Regional aspects of development of productive forces of Ukraine, (21), 24-27.
Boychenko, M. (2020). Tasks for Philosophy of Education in Ukraine in the Light of the Theory of Generations. Philosophy of Education, 25(2), 8–34. https://doi.org/10.31874/2309-1606-2019-25-2-1.
Verbytska K.S., & Ilchenko V.M. (2014). Demographic situation in Ukraine. Culture of the peoples of the Black Sea region, (273), 16-19.
All-Ukrainian research "Opinion and views of the population of Ukraine. Analytical report». Kyiv International Institute of Sociology, April 2018. https://www.kiis.com.ua.materials.pr.20180305_public-political%20mood.Public-political%20mood_report.pdf
Denysenko Yu. A. (2012). Demographic situation in Ukraine in the context of sociological analysis. Modern society, 1, 120–126.
Zubchyk O.A. (2014). Education and democracy: Ukrainian youth as a subject of socio-political transformations. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Governance, (2), 44-48.
Kravchenko V. P., Kravchenko N.V. (2015). The current demographic situation in Ukraine and the prospects of its development. Bulletin of socio-economic research: a collection of scientific papers. 3(58), 236-240.
Kulynych R. O., & Hudz M. M. (2015). Demographic situation in Ukraine as a factor of economic security. Youth Scientific Bulletin of UABS NBU. Series: Economic Sciences, (6), 228-236.
Youth of Ukraine 2017. Results of sociological research (2017). Ternopil.
People's Deputies of Ukraine (2021). Official site of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/site2/p_deputat_list
Population of Ukraine for 2020 (Demographic Yearbook). (2020). http://database.ukrcensus.gov.ua/PXWEB2007/ukr/publ_new1/2020/zb_chuselnist%202019.pdf.
Patnam R. D., Leonardi R., & Nanetti R. I. (2001). Making Democracy work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy / transl. from English: V. Yushchenko. Kyiv: Osnovy.
Pyrozhkov, S., Khamitov N. (2020). Ukraine as a civilizational subject: from potencies to a new worldview and human existence. Kyiv: Naukova dumka.
Youth participation in public life: economic activity (following the results of 2012). (2013). O. Yaremenko Ukrainian Institute for Social Research. Official site. http://www.uisr.org.ua.news. 77.html.
State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2021). http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua.
Stativka N. V., & Smahliuk A. A. (2011). Demographic component of economic security of Ukraine. Theory and practice of public administration, 1, 280–287.
Yakovenko T.V. (2014). Features of the current demographic crisis in Ukraine. Bulletin of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series: Sociological research of modern society: methodology, theory, methods, (1122), 77–83.
Demographic indicator: Population on 1 January – total (2021). https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/tps00001/default/table?lang=en
Europe: Quality of Life Index by Country 2019. (2019). https://www.numbeo.com/quality-of-life/rankings_by_country.jsp?
Global age-sex-specific fertility, mortality, healthy life expectancy (HALE), and population estimates in 204 countries and territories, 1950–2019: a comprehensive demographic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 (2020). https://www.thelancet.com/action/showPdf?pii=S0140-6736%2820%2930977-6.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication;
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.