Tasks for Philosophy of Education in Ukraine in the Light of the Theory of Generations
Keywords:philosophy of education, theory of generations, competition in education, crisis of education system, change of cycles of generations, self-identification of generations
The article analyzes the development of the education system of Ukraine from the point of view of the theory of generations by American researchers William Strauss and Neil Howe. Theoretical substantiation of the hypothesis concerning the transitional character of the whole Ukrainian society from the Soviet cycle of generational change to the national cycle of generational change is given. The subjects of education providing are the middle and older generations, while the subjects of education are mostly the younger generation – the sociological and historical definition of these generations, specifying their characteristics as stable social groups in a society should be the next step. The tasks of the philosophy of education, which for some time were devoted to reflecting on the development of the national education system in general, must now should be specified now as tasks for a certain generation of Ukrainian (and not Soviet or post-Soviet) society. In this context, it is time for both the Institute of Higher Education and the philosophy of education to summarize, revise the initial vision of institutional tasks, clarify them, expand, supplement with new tasks and in general – create a new vision of the philosophy of education and philosophy of higher education in Ukraine. Overcoming the current crisis of the education system of Ukraine is possible through a clear definition of the goals and basic values of education for specific participants of the educational process – only in this way, systemic goals and values become the values and goals of individual educational communities. Teachers, professors and other subjects of education appear then as specific pedagogical teams, united by explicit educational values and goals, which are clearly correlated, on the one hand, with the tasks of development of the national educational system, and on the other – with the motivation of educational activities of specific teachers. The inevitable competition in education, which is particularly dramatic in overcoming its systemic crisis, has positive consequences if it is carried out as a competition for the best embodiment of virtues, for excellence in the providing and gaining of education.
Boichenko M. (2018) Ukrainian Modernization as a Cultural Revolution. Philosophy of public administration. 1, 11-17 [in Ukrainian]
Windelband W. (1995) Philosophy in the German Spiritual Life of the XIX. In: Windelband W. Selected Works: Spirit and History. M.: Jurist, 294-363 [in Russian]
Gurova I. M., Evdokimova S. Sh. (2016) Generation Theory as a Tool for Analysis, Formation and Development of Labor Potential. MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Development). Volume 7. 3 (27), 150-159 [in Russian]
Dawkins R. (2018) Selfish Gene. H.: Book Club "Family Leisure Club", 429 [in Ukrainian]
Ito J., Howe, J. (2018) Whip Lash: How to Survive Our Faster Future. H.: Vivat, 352 [in Ukrainian]
Kebuladze V., Bogachov A., Kirizvas M. et al. (2017) Philosophy in Public Space: Between Academicity and Popularity. Philosophical Thought. 1, 6-27 [in Ukrainian]
Kelly K. (2018) The Inevitable. Understanding the 12 Technological Forces That Will Shape Our Future. K.: Nash Format, 364 [in Ukrainian]
Confucius (2017) Judgments and Conversations. M.: RIPOL classic, 360 [in Russian]
Cooley Ch. (1994) Social Self. American Sociological Thought: Texts / V. I. Dobrenkov (ed.). M.: MGU Publ., 316-330. [in Russian]
Levada Yu. A. (2001) Generations of the XX Century: Possibilities of Research. Public Opinion Monitoring: Economic and Social Change. 5 (55), 7-14. [in Russian]
Loy A. (2009) "Philosophy-twist". Philosophical Thought. 3, 25-28 [in Ukrainian]
Lorenz K. (2011) So-called Evil: On the Natural History of Aggression. K.: Znannya, 351 [in Ukrainian]
Luman N. (2007) Social systems. Essay on general theory. StPb.: Nauka, 648. [in Russian]
Miroshkina, M.R. (2017) Interpretations of the Theory of Generations in the Context of Russian Education. Yaroslavl Pedagogical Bulletin. 6, 30-35 [in Russian]
Mikhalchenko N., Andrushchenko V. (1996) Belovezhskaya. L. Kravchuk. Ukraine, 1991-1995. K .: Ukr. Center of Spirit. Culture, 512 [in Russian]
Mukherjee S. (2017) Gen. Extraordinary History. H.: Book Club "Family Leisure Club", 768 [in Ukrainian]
O’Reilly T. (2018) HZ. Who knows what the future will be like (trans. from English Ю.Кузьменко). K.: Our format, 448 [in Ukrainian]
On the Condemnation of Communist and National Socialist (Nazi) Totalitarian Regimes in Ukraine and the Prohibition of Propaganda of Their Symbols (2015): Law of Ukraine dated April 9, 2015 No. 317-VIII. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/317-19 [in Ukrainian]
On Education (2017): Law of Ukraine dated September 5, 2017 No. 2145-VIII in: Voice of Ukraine. - Kyiv, 2017 - 27 September. (No. 178/179), 10-22 [in Ukrainian]
Rorty R. (2017) Historiography of Philosophy. Four Genres. M.: Canon +, 174 [in Russian]
Semenova VV (2009) Social Dynamics of Generations: Problem and Reality. M.: ROSSPEN, 271 [in Russian]
Ross A. (2017) Industries of the Future. K .: Nash Format, 320 [in Ukrainian]
Thaler R., Sunstein K. (2017) Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness. K .: Nash Format, 312 [in Ukrainian]
Huntington S. (2003) The Third Wave: Democratization in The Late Twentieth Century. M.: ROSSPEN, 368 [in Russian]
Hales K. (2013) How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics. K.: Nika-Center. 430 [in Ukrainian]
Sharov O. (2019) Perfection of Teaching: Legislation and Practice. Report on December 6, 2019 at the Ukrainian-British Forum "Excellence in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education" URL: http://www.britishcouncil.org.ua/sites/default/files/doskonalist_vykladannya_zakonodavstvo_ta_praktyka_-_oleg_sharov.pdf [in Ukrainian]
Yasna I. (2019) The First All-Ukrainian Competition of Philosophical Startups. Philosophical Thought, 1, 40-59 [in Ukrainian]
Yasna I. (2015) Does Ukrainian Philosophy Need "rebranding"? Philosophical Thought. 6, 23-38 [in Ukrainian]
Dolot, Anna (2018) The characteristic of Generation Z, “e-mentor” 2018, s. 44–50, http://dx.doi.org/10.15219/em74.1351.
Marcuse, Herold (2001) Generational Cohorts and the Shaping of Popular Attitudes towards the Holocaust. In: Remembering for the Future: The Holocaust in an Age of Genocide, edited by John K. Roth et al. New York: Palgrave, vol. 3, Memory, 652-663.
Mannheim K. (1928/1952) The Problem of Generations. In: Essays on the Sociology of Knowledge. London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 276–320.
McCourt, David M. (2012) The “Problem of Generations” Revisited: Karl Mannheim and the Sociology of Knowledge in International Relations. Theory and Application of the “Generation” in International Relations and Politics. Brent J. Steele, Jonathan M. Acuff (Ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 47-70.
Strauss W. and Howe N. (1991) Generations: The History of America's Future, 1584 to 2069. New York: Harper, 538.
Strauss W. and Howe N. (1997) The Fourth Turning: An American Prophecy. New York: Broadway Books, 382.
Wilmer, Henry H.; Sherman, Lauren E. and Chein, Jason M. (2017) Smartphones and Cognition: A Review of Research Exploring the Links between Mobile Technology Habits and Cognitive Functioning. Frontiers in Psychology. 2017; 8, 605.
How to Cite
- Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication;
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.